The Kujang  

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The kujang Image

The Kujang is full of mysteries.
It is said to contain its shape with a force magical mystical powers.
Attached to its original form, it brings us back to the old philosophy of sundanais: Hindu heritage.

The creation of the original Kujang was inspired agrarian a tool. This tool was widespread between the 4th and 7th century AD.
The shape of the current Kujang slightly changed since the agrarian blacksmiths tools of this era (as Empu Windusarpo, Empu Ramayadi and Empu Mercukundo which can be seen in parts of the country local museums Sunda).

It is only in the 9th century 12me Kujang that took the form that we know it today. En 1170 il y eu un changement dans le Kujang. In 1170 there was a change in the Kujang.
Its value as a talisman qu'amulette or spreading, these virtues were recognized by the nobility and the authorities of the Kingdom of Pajajaran Makukuhan, especially during the reign of Prabu Kudo Lalean.

During one of his spiritual retreats, Kudo Lelean had the mental vision of the new form of a blade made to Kujang scheduled to be closer to the shape of the island of "Djawa Dwipa" (name of the island of Java at that time . Immediately the sovereign commander in the Royal blacksmith, Empu Windu Supo, to forge a blade following the instructions of his vision. It would become a weapon full of quality and full of mystical spirituality; magic object, a unique form, as future generations will combine always Makukuhan Pajajaran kingdom.

Note also that Silat using the short stick (or Kayu Tonglat), the long stick, belt (Selendang or Bengkong), ergot ....

The Kerambit  

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The kerambit Image

The Kerambit, which can be used in combat, much appreciated for self-defense, is an example formidable weapon dissimulable easily:

A short curved blade attached to a ring, which allows up to hide the surprise opponent with the back of palm and ...
The Kerambit is a small knife originally from the island of Sumatra.
It is strongly associated with the style Harimau (style tiger, a native of Sumatra) is also called "claw of the tiger."

There are various forms of Kerambit greater or lesser with a ring for his finger or not, with a second wave in the ring or not ...
The kerambits small ones have the advantage of being able to hide easily in the hand, the belt or sarong.

It is easy to believe his opponent that we are with our bare hands and bring a Kerambit without him noticing it.


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The golok or Parant:

A weapon long, a sort of machete blade which expands towards the end, this once in the battles as well as the sword (called Pedang in Malaysia).

The Dayaks of Borneo use a machete type called Mandau able to decapitate a man.
All these blades are heavy enough to block other weapons and their handling has been systematized.

The Kriss  

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The Kriss Image

The Keris Kriss or ... What about huge!
The kriss is a bit what the katana for Japanese, much more than a weapon of combat ... There are endless variations of kriss according to their geographical origins, history, the blacksmith who performed the work ...

In Indonesia, tradition has it that a child age to be a man receives his first kriss at the hands of his father in order to serve symbolically it belongs to the clan of "adults". These Kriss "family" have been handed down from generation to generation in families and are of great importance in the social life of Indonesia.

The Kriss is part of traditional dress for the official ceremonies (marriage, burial, cremation ...). To correct a small rumor that says that the Keris is not a weapon of combat effective, it must take the form of traditional struggle for a better understanding of its use martial ...

The Kriss part of their physical nature has ever been made to block an attack on another weapon (type golok). The Peksi which keeps the blade in custody not stand ...
The Kriss has always been a weapon for "planting", "prick" his opponent, blockages possible attacks is with the sheath of kriss, and that's why we can find blades Kriss originating with Java fourreaux Sumatra (for example).

The warrior who came from Java and using his Kriss in combat in Sumatra would be making a new sheath after his fight with a craftsman Sumatra ...

I can only "touch" the subject of Kriss because it far exceeds the purpose of this booklet.

Indonesian Weapons  

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The Indonesian weapons

In Pencak Silat, we also find a variety of knives impressive as Keris or kriss, kujang, pedang, kerambit, rencong, golok, parang, tombak, trisula ...
Such weapons have their origins and their specific uses precise ...

The field of knives is a study in its own right if you approach it in the traditional manner of Indonesia.

Blacksmiths (empus) are great mystics, which perform complex rituals based prayers, abstinences, offerings ... avant de forger une lame. Before forging a blade.

In Indonesia and Malaysia, Kriss (Keris) is the weapon mother.
While a set of beliefs it is associated, however, for practitioners of Silat will more readily with short arms that long, this illustrates the value they attach to the surprise in the art of combat, preferring weapons easily conceal weapons "historical", swords, sword, spear, often disciplines queens of military traditions in countries like China or Japan.
Some of the noteworthy in these categories:

Sporting Appearance  

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Pencak sporting aspect of silat:

The official competitions were created to compensate for the shutdown in 1942 of Suruan (fighting without rules secrets whose outcome could be fatal).
The Bela Diri, which includes the categories of sports and self-defence of Penchak Silat, and includes the Olah Raga, part sport, which replaced the Suruan while allowing the continuation of the technical development of Bela Diri in a less dangerous.

The combat sports or Olah Raga: a match takes place in 3 rounds of 2 minutes each. If there is no winner at the end of these rounds (KO or advantage in points), repeatedly additional 2 minutes are awarded. During the battle, each attack must not exceed 4 attacks or techniques.
At the end of these techniques, the combatants must move lankas (movements style), on pain of being penalized.

The competition includes 3 technical tests:
Seni is a set of movements softened derivatives techniques Pentjak Silat, which was created in the past to allow a practice in complete confidentiality of this martial art under the guise of a dance.

There are still today in the form of a dance punctuated by the sound of percussion instruments. In competition, it is an individual event whose choreography is a traditional battle against one or more opponents, with a duration of 3 minutes, 1 min 30 unarmed 1 min and 30 with weapons. Persilat imposes a unique jurus for all competitors: Jurus Tunggal, which consists of 100 movements: 50 movements unarmed 25 with golok (machete) and 25 with long stick.

Bela Diri: composed of technical issues of jurus and lankas, this test is 2 for a period of 3 minutes: 1 min 30 unarmed, and 1 min 30 with weapons (the choice of weapons is not imposed).
Jurus Wajib: during this ordeal, 3 competitors on the same team in 3 minutes perform the same jurus so synchronized.
Jurus Wajib ( "jurus mandatory") has been created specifically for the competition, and techniques are drawn from 12 major styles of Pencak Silat.


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Pendekar Sanders and Guru Gorka Echarri (cimande style)

As we have seen above, the Indonesian archipelago is composed of many islands, of which the best known are Java, Sumatra, Borneo and Bali.
Each region has developed its own style of Silat or aliran, has adapted its way of life and its environment. There are actually over 150 styles of Pencak Silat identified today, the most famous are Sétia Hati Terate, Harimau, Cimande, and Tapak Suci ... and also the Kuntao which is more akin to Chinese Kung fu.

Style Harimau Minangkabau (from Sumatra), inspired by the attitudes of the tiger and is a formidable technical ground. This style by the principle that on rolling terrain and uncertain, a fighter is much more stable when it is already on the ground. The positions of the low Harimau Minanqkabau allow the fighter to practice different kinds of jumps, sweeps and keys. Ces positions permettent aussi d'atteindre facilement un adversaire aux articulations pour le déstabiliser. These positions can also easily reach an opponent joints to destabilize it.

Style Cimande, literally "power flowing to the river" or "beautiful river", is a style of the West Java (Praenger mountains). This style and its derivatives (some have more than 300) would spread in the area between West Java and Bogor, Cianjur, and southwards to Sukabumi, in the villages of Cimande Tarik Kolot, Cimande Tengah and Cimande Girang. The Cimande be scattered to the east (it is found even today in Bali), west of Java to Banten, and northwest towards Sumatra.

It is generally Embah Kahir (1760? -1825?) Creator of this styles, he would have appointed as the river that flowed near the place where he lived then. He lived in the small village of Cogreg, near the town of Bogor, around 1780. Other sources, however, are rising much more behind the creation date of Cimande movement.

Style Tapak Suci, or "pure way," is a style of Javanese Penchak Silat. The headquarters of style, Pimpinan Pusat is located in the district of Kauman, Yogyakarta.

Style Setia Hati Terate which is what we practice is a native of java. Setia Hati means "true heart" and Terate is the fleur de lys aquatic Indonesia. This style was once taught in secret in the communities called Pondokan Pesantren (a kind of temple). It is a style height comprising technical reputation can no longer be effective.
He was polite and adopted by supporters of the famous Siliwangi.


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The mental training plays an important role in teaching Pencak Silat, and seeks to gain inner peace and spiritual balance.

It is divided into coaching natural (breathing techniques, concentration techniques and meditation, prayer, continued development of the five senses ...) and the supernatural, or Kebatinan, the "spiritual knowledge."

It's also about Tenaga Dalam ( "dragon Procedure"), Indera Keenam ( "Sixth Sense"), Kanuragan ( "self-defense magic"), and Ilmu Batin (magic) ...

The Silat has many secrets and rituals of each teacher to complete invulnerability, the protection of students.

The amulets are also used. Medicine is a part of teaching, but it is reserved for advanced students.

The kanuragan presents itself as a real initiation ritual which involves the concert felt (rasa), the body and soul.

It acquires aji, which are both knowledge and capabilities. At a particular focus aji one or characteristic (s) specific (s). At the basic level of practice, there are forms of invulnerability or exceptional strength or other capabilities. At the intermediate level, it comes to protecting its immediate environment (at home, at work ...) At the top level, it is to help people who have problems, heal the sick among other things, and refine the techniques of meditation: to increase its potential for spiritual authority, practicing the "physical separation and the subtle body, "or ngraga sukma, and to prepare his stay after land, or manunggaling kawula Gusti.

The Tenaga dalam can result in Dragon. The term Tenaga Dalam is this energy that the Chinese called "Chi", the Japanese "Ki", the Indians' prana '. The work of Tenaga Dalam is to reawaken the Dragon internally and use it to be healthy, to care for people, to feel the energy around us, but also to end martial ...
The Kebatinan research is the development of domestic tranquillity and Rasa (feeling of intuition) through the method known as Sujud (am working on the same). By eliminating its bad habits, desires and all its impulses, doing work on sois. A person should try his intuitions with the help of the divine presence that is its heart (practicing with sincerity). Kebatinan or Kejawen a spiritual practice is widespread in Java in Indonesia, which is not as well recognized that other religion such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity and Islam. Il est encore pratiqué dans beaucoup de cérémonies traditionnelles Javanaise. It is still practiced in many traditional ceremonies Javanaise. Kebatinan Batin comes from the word meaning internal, spiritual. Kebatinan = spirituality.


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As in many traditional martial arts, Penchak Silat is based on the study of animal behavior, such as the tiger (harimau), the serpent (ula), the eagle (garuda) ... But also by plants (lotus), or local deities (Shiva) ...

Pencak Silat has four distinct aspects: self-defense (Bela Diri), the sport (Olah Raga), art (Seni Budaya) and the spiritual (Ilmu Batin or Isis). The positions sometimes high, sometimes low are called Kuda and coalesce as sequences called lankas (which in fact to taos kung fu or karate kata). Pentas are forms of pre-arranged battle two, and Serangan ( "attack") the struggle free. It is sometimes punctuated by the sound of gamelan (traditional Indonesian percussion).

The Pesilat always a guard named passang very open, which in fact constitutes a trap for the enemy, and allows devastating attacks against!

Fluidity, speed, flexibility, precise schematic in the execution of movements all in an effort to break the concentration of the opponent and assener of tweaks and violent on parts of the body most sensitive ... The fighter is First formed with bare hands, and then continue to weapons such as machetes, kriss, kukri, short stick ...

In contrast to the Chinese martial arts where practitioners have observed how to make this or that animal to reproduce their movements, Penchak Silat, they are shamans who developed mannerism animal using trance to be "live "with its spirit.

Therefore, the spirit of the animal and not the observation of it which is the source of its codification, his calquage.

Victor Ki Hadjar Hardjo Oetomo  

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He who observes someone practicing Pencak Silat sees only a dancer with all its graceful movements

The danger lies hidden in the dance, when these same movements graceful movements become hard and fast.

Pencak Silat can be divided into two different parts: Pencak: Cash, graceful movements and controlled body (of the body)

Silat: hard movements are so fast that lightning, defend, neutralize and counter-attack.

Pencak clever (qualified) Silat practitioner

Ki Hadjar Hardjo Oetomo  

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Ki Hadjar Hardjo Oetomo born Aug. 28, 1929 in the village of Yogyakarta in East Java.

Hardjo Oetomo, as he was named, discovered the Penchak-Silat at the age of 13 under the direction of Kiaji Ireng, a member of the school Pondokan Pesantren, which makes it see the ancestral techniques Pencak Silat.

Thereafter, he became a disciple of the great master Kiaji-Ngabeihi Soerordiwirdjo (Founder of Persaudaraan Setia Hati) through his father who was one of his disciples.

When Eyang Suro (Kiaji-Ngabeihi Soerordiwirdjo) décéde in 1944 as a result of an illness, Pah Turpijn continues his training with her dad and his great assistant Kijai Hadji Abdullah, who, every two, died during the revolution for independence in 1945.

Then his life is hectic, he lived for thirteen years in the Indonesian jungle in a sort of monastery where he became a disciple of two major Senior Pencak Silat: Bapak Tjorkro and Djamaed Bapak. There will study the science of Ilmu Batin (Tenga Dalem) is a force on energy and strength and an internal study on the spiritual philosophy. Just as we find the Kiaï in Karate, the Chi in Chinese Kung-Fu, Ilmu is the supreme power and unshakeable, invisible and spiritual, which injects a terrible efficiently to the rich technical Pencak Silat.During these studies, Pah Turpijn must remain discreet and can not have contact with the outside world, nor even with her own family. At the end of his studies he left the monastery, and enlisted in the army.

It is part of the suicide commandos (Partisans Siliwangi) operating in the jungle during the invasion. Les hommes du commando sont regroupés par trois ou cinq et foncent sur un groupe d'ennemis comme autant de tigres déchaînés. Men commando are grouped by three or five and darken on a group of enemies like tigers unleashed.

We must kill quickly and efficiently, using twists of cervical vertebrae or pins and cutting poisoned fixed on bushes.

In other words, to master Turpijn, Penchak is not a acrobatics, but as a martial art hard that must be effective.

In 1966, Pah Turpijn settled in Holland, where he works as a pioneer of Silat-Penchak in Europe.

Master Hardjono Turpijn died July 31, 1996 in the Netherlands from an illness ...

About Master Hardjono Turpijn: "The thing that counted for him it was effective. Beauty of the gesture was forgotten and unnecessary movement evacuated. Actually, master Turpijn had two ways of teaching. On the one hand, efficiency in its purest form and the other the traditional aspect of Pencak Silat, with lanka. traditional side, it taught to everyone, however, it chose the people to whom he taught the deadly side-Silat Penchak. In human terms, this was someone who had a very large heart and who lived intensely what he was doing. Education was hard, rigid, as master Turpijn wanted his art be transmitted without distortion."

Master of Silat Pencak style Setia Hati Terate

8th Dan Black Belt

Ex-Commando of the Indonesian Army

A pioneer of Silat-Penchak in Europe

Died in July 1996 in Amsterdam (Holland)

Master Turpinj was a pupil of Master Kijaî-Ngaberthi-Soerodiwirdjo, founder of Setia Terate Hati.

Master Turpinj was the first to bring the awareness and Pencak Silat in Europe. He was also part of the Siliwangi "Partisans" commandos of the Indonesian army in the jungle loaded to attack and neutralize the guard posts of the enemy during the invasion of Japan and Dutch Indonesia.

This means that Ki Hadjar Hardjo Oetomo experimented in real conditions the effectiveness of the techniques of his style.

Ki Ngabehi Soerodiwirdjo  

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Ki Ngabehi Soerodiwirdjo

Little difference in teaching Maitre Turpijn and that of his son. Maitre Turpijn was unique, very fluid and tonic. Tiander to change a little education, more artistic. But there are langhkas the jurus and taught by his father, as well as the weft technique. Son enseignement est plus "souple". His teaching is more "flexible".

Master Turpijn to create its own school of Pencak Silat in the 70 years under the name Persaudaraan Seti Hati Madiun. It is a synthesis of styles of Java and other styles of Silat (Harimau, Cimande ...). He then broke to his style into 4 sub-styles. It is from this point that there has been confusion. In short, for simplicity, we named her school sour the appelation SETIA HATI TERATE.

Currently, Holland, there are 3 major groups who come from the Ecole de Maitre Turpijn:
-- Sabda Ing Pendita with Victor Turpijn, a nephew

-- Paksi Naga Runtjing with Nico Turpijn, one of the sons of the Master (most talented, and closest to the style of her father)

-- Persaudaraan Setia Hati Madiun (school official Master Turpijn) with Tiander Turpijn, 2nd son.

Personally, the closest in technology and in the spirit of Master Turpijn, Nico Turpijn rest.

Indonesia, the Largest World of Archipelago  

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Indonesia, the Largest World of Archipelago

Indonesia extends over an area of nearly 1904340 km2, and stretches over 5000 km, is composed of no less than 13000 islands and form for centuries a barrier that filters equatorial oceans Indian and the Pacific. The size and diversity make a complex, and she alone, more than 40% of the total land area of ten states in Southeast Asia.

Indonesia, the first Muslim country in the world, is not an Islamic state, it is not the country of a single religion, and if adherence to Islam certainly seems dominant, the major religions previous n ' have not disappeared.

Thus, the contemporary Indonesia still preserves the historic relics of Hinduism and Buddhism.

In such circumstances, the Malay language, dice answered the thirteenth century through commercial networks and proclaimed official language in 1945.

The presiding Sukarno, founder of the Indonesian National Party (PNI) in 1929, proclaimed on August 17, 1945 the country's independence.

The five years that followed were marked by struggles between the pro-independence Indonesians to Dutch colonists who refused to renounce their former colony.

It was not until December 27, 1949, after a meeting at a round table, as the Netherlands recognized the independence of Indonesia, provided for a federal state involving both partners.

The project was eventually abandoned and August 17, 1950, the Republic Indonesia was again and finally proclaimed.

The presiding Sukarno remained at the helm of the country for a little over twenty years. His reign, increasingly chaotic as the years progressed, was marked by the rise of regionalist who claims déstabilisèrent partly national unity.

But it was in 1965 that the presiding Sukarno was finally removed from power by General Suharto. It had previously benefited from the coup d'etat of September 30, 1965 in order to engage with the help of the army, in a hunt for communists, which ended in the deaths of more than 500,000 Indonesians, it was one of the largest massacres of the century.

A report by the CIA in 1968 claiming that the massacre of Indonesian communists, in 1965-1966, is one of the most tragic event of the century, but also one of the most ignored.

A quick rundown of the history of Indonesia, in order to understand the ins and outs of Penchak Silat will be online soon.

History of Persaudaraan Setia Hati Terate  

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History of Persaudaraan Setia Hati Terate
Penchak Silat is a fighting sport very effective which originated in Indonesia.This martial art redoubt, which was practised by the Indonesian commandos, has been banned by the Dutch during their colonization of Indonesia.Yet the martial art has survived and even as has been the practice in hiding. Because of the effectiveness of its technology and its realistic character, including Silat Penchak been adopted by many mercenaries.

"Silat" today "Silat" equal "attack flash". The techniques of Silat Penchak occasions and were structured in a dynamic system and realistic.

The concrete goals of this system are:

A. Propose realistic solutions for defense against real attacks (reality of the street).

B.Propose techniques that have already proved their effectiveness.

C.Propose a solution adequate against aggression and taking into account the principle of "proportionality".

In short: anticipation, reaction, speed of execution, efficiency, reality of the street.

The techniques of silat Penchak:
1.Who are taught these techniques. For security officials, the military, police officers.

2.The techniques:
A. Frappes, taken, and Capital etranglements
B. Techniques ground and anti-ground
C. Techniques batons
D. Technique knives

Pencak Silat is an art of self-defence. It is based on the experiences of past encounters with wild animals, which have seen people like easy prey.

Inspired by the enormous variety of animals living in the jungles of Indonesia, the Indonesian people have learned a new path, different self, unlike another self art, imitating the movement of these creatures. In recent times, these techniques could be refined gradually.